Sheep Wormer: Definitive Guide

Two white sheep with brown markings on their eyes
Sheep wormers improve your flock's resistance to disease and improve milk yield, wool production, and weight gain. Lambs should be wormed starting at eight weeks old, and regular worming should be performed monthly.

Why is sheep wormer necessary?

Sheep wormer improves your sheep’s resistance to diseases and increases their potential for weight gain. Aside from improving your sheep’s health, wormers are necessary to avoid infestation that may lead to the spread of diseases among the herd.

Some of the internal parasites and worms found in sheep are:

  • Roundworms
  • Lungworms
  • Tapeworms
  • Nematodes
  • Haemonchus contortus

How to know when sheep have worms

A flock of sheep gathering under a cloudy sky

It’s hard to feed sheep with worms because they don’t have their usual appetite. As a result, they will begin losing fat and eventually muscles. 

Eventually, sheep will weaken and die of starvation and dehydration.

Other symptoms include:

  • Anemia
  • Profuse scouring
  • Staggered movements
  • High-risk births and pregnancies
  • Bottlejaw (swelling on the underside of the jaw)

Roundworms suck the blood out of the sheep and can cause significant blood loss if not addressed. In some cases, sheep may suddenly die without showing signs of suffering from roundworms.

Lungworm symptoms may look like:

  • Coughing
  • Labored breathing
  • Accelerated body weight loss
  • Reduced production of milk
  • Poor weight gain

Tapeworm symptoms in sheep may look like: 

  • Significant body weight loss
  • Enlargement of bellies
  • Emaciation
  • Diarrhea
See Also:  Bottle Feeding Lambs: Step By Step Guide

When should sheep be wormed?

Lambs tend to get the most benefit from worming. Start deworming sheep as soon as they reach eight weeks old. After this, worm your sheep on a monthly basis. 

The bare minimum for deworming is at least 2-4 times per year.

What’s the best way to worm sheep?

First, pick your deworming medication. Popular choices include:

  • Ivermectin: mostly used for gastrointestinal lungworms, roundworms, and other similar larvae
  • Cydectin: typically used for parasites, such as gastrointestinal roundworms
  • Panacur: used for immature and mature lungworms and roundworms found in sheep, goats, and cattle; may also be used for tapeworms
  • Safe-Guard: targets large and small strongyles (pinworms)

After choosing the medication, pick the method of administration:

  • Sheep drench guns: administering the medication to the throat using a gun-like medication delivery device
  • Sheep wormer tubes: ideal for small sheep

Side effects of worming sheep

The following are possible side effects of worming sheep:

  • Throwing up
  • Stomach pain 
  • Fever
  • Diarrhea
  • Lethargy

Sheep worming dosages

The following is a rough guide of the dosages for sheep with their corresponding weight.

1ml of anthelmintic medication is roughly equivalent to 1 cc.

Dosage (in ml)IvermectinCydectinPanacurSafe-Guard
25 pound sheep2.92.30.50.6
50 pound sheep5.74.51.01.1
75 pound sheep8.56.81.51.7
100 pound sheep11.49.12.02.2

Does worming sheep really make a difference?

Numerous studies have shown that worming sheep can help them put on weight at a much more significant rate. 

The study looked into three main aspects related to herd production:

  • Milk yield
  • Wool production
  • Weight gain
See Also:  How to Tell if a Sheep is Pregnant? Full Guide

Regular worming caused each of these factors to improve.

Joanne

Joanne is a nocturnal person who loves traveling and coffee. She’s also an animal lover (and rescuer) who makes it a point to befriend every animal she meets. Her passion for learning led her to writing about various topics. As someone who dreams of becoming an “animal whisperer,” she aims to continue learning about animals–particularly sheep, and at the same time, share her knowledge here at Sheep Caretaker.

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